Maximizing the Shelf Life of Your Batteries: Expert Tips and Tricks (2023)

If you buy a set of batteries, you may sometimes wonder if you should buy a bigger package. After all, you may be unable to use them in time, especially if they have an expiration date. It makes sense, then, to wonder if batteries can go bad when you are not using them.

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Yes, unused batteries go bad, meaning they lose their charge over time. The expiration date on a non-rechargeable battery is typically when only 80 percent of the original charge is left.

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It’s good to know when you can expect your batteries to expire. This way, you can plan when you buy them in the first place so that you don’t buy more than you’ll be able to use before the expiration date.

Do Batteries Expire?

The simple answer is that, yes, unused batteries can go bad. But what exactly does it mean when a battery goes bad? Read on to find out!

What Does It Mean for a Battery to Go Bad?

When we talk about batteries going bad, we think about the expiration date, which is typically written on each battery.

However, a battery’s expiration differs from the expiration of a food product. It doesn’t start to smell or go rancid, but when it expires, it merely means that you can’t expect it to have a full life anymore. It may, but the manufacturer cannot guarantee that you can take full advantage of the original battery life after the expiration date.

The expiration date is the estimated date when the battery’s charge is only 80% of what it was initially. Batteries have a self-discharge rate, the speed at which they lose charge while you’re not using them.

Many people don’t know this, but batteries lose their charge immediately after they are made. Although this happens at a prolonged rate, the amount of discharge does become significant over time.

Some batteries have faster discharge rates than others. It varies based on the brand and type of battery. You can’t compare different batteries in this way since they operate using various chemical reactions in the battery’s interior.

However, even though the battery will eventually lose all its charge as it sits idle, it has not lost all its charge by the expiration date. On average, batteries will only have lost about 20% of their charge by this time.

This means that just because a battery happens to be past its expiration date, it does not mean you cannot use it. You will likely still be able to get a great deal of use out of it unless you have waited so long that it has completely self-discharged.

Maximizing the Shelf Life of Your Batteries: Expert Tips and Tricks (1)

What Causes Batteries to Go Bad?

You might wonder what exactly it is that causes batteries to lose charge. The expiration date on a package of batteries depends on how long it will take for all of the energy inside the battery to be consumed. A chemical reaction inside the battery generates energy, causing the structure to consume energy even when you aren’t actively using it.

The nature of the battery is such that this chemical reaction is continuously going on, even when the battery is not currently powering a device. It will happen rapidly and consume more energy when the battery is used, but it happens no matter what.

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The shelf life of a battery varies depending on the exact type and size. However, they become weaker over time, whether or not they are being used.

There are electrodes inside each battery. Essentially, these are strips of metal tape that are coated with a substance called an oxide (a compound that contains oxygen and another element). These strips are rolled up within the battery. Over time, parts of the battery will corrode, which leaves the battery with less charge or render it unusable.

For example, in a lithium battery, the lithium concentration in the cathode will go down over time because it will combine with the anode material. This chemical reaction is irreversible. However, as with any other battery, the storage conditions can significantly change. High humidity and temperatures can accelerate the chemical reactions contributing to the battery’s deterioration.

How Long Do Batteries Last?

There are a few different parameters that you can use to figure out how long batteries last. There is run time, cycle life, and shelf life. The answer also depends on the specific type of battery that you are using.

  • Run time is how long a battery will last in a single usage. This will depend on the device since each device will consume a different amount of energy per unit of time (this parameter is referred to as a watt-hour). Also, devices sometimes consume more power when they are older. This does not apply to a battery that is in storage.
  • The cycle life is how many complete charges and discharges can be done on a rechargeable battery before it no longer works. Even though a battery is rechargeable, it will only have a finite number of cycles.
  • Shelf life is how long batteries will hold their charge while on the shelf, remaining unused. As you already know, the expiration date of a non-rechargeable battery is the date at which it is expected to have 80% of its original charge. From here, the battery will continue to self-discharge until it has no charge left. At this point, it has reached the end of its shelf life.

The definition of shelf life differs somewhat for rechargeable batteries; in this case, the shelf life is how long the battery pack can go unused without losing its charge before you have to recharge it completely.

The shelf life of a battery is affected by the temperature and humidity in the surroundings. Typically, the warmer and more humid the environment, the shorter the shelf life will be. Higher-quality batteries will have longer shelf lives as well.

Non-Rechargeable Batteries

Many different types of chemistry make up non-rechargeable batteries. This can have a significant effect on the shelf life of the battery.

Alkaline Batteries

This is the most common type of non-rechargeable battery. Typically, the shelf life of an alkaline battery is five to ten years at room temperature. Some people may attempt to charge an alkaline battery, but this is considered very unsafe, and most professionals would not recommend it.

Lithium Batteries

Most of the time, the shelf life of a lithium battery will be 10 to 12 years. However, the shelf life can vary widely based on different factors, such as chemical composition and the specific manufacturing process; sometimes, one of these batteries can last up to 20 years. It is recommended that you store these batteries at 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

Carbon-Zinc Batteries

Generally, carbon-zinc batteries are cheaper than alkaline batteries. However, they also have shorter shelf lives. Fairly recently, they were at a higher risk of leakage because of their thin walls. The shelf life of a carbon-zinc battery is typically three to five years.

Rechargeable Batteries

There are also many types of rechargeable batteries, and they can vary in shelf life and cycle life.

Nickel-Cadmium Batteries

These rechargeable batteries are one of the oldest types out there. They have many advantages, including longer shelf life and cycle life than other rechargeable batteries. They are also more able to retain performance quality in more extreme temperatures. However, they have less energy density and are more toxic to the environment than newer technologies.

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The shelf life for a nickel-cadmium battery is typically between 18 and 36 months, and it can handle at least 1,000 charge-discharge cycles.

Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries

These batteries have a longer shelf life than nickel-cadmium batteries, but shorter cycle lives. The higher energy density of these batteries still gives them an advantage because you don’t have to charge them as often. Usually, they will last for about 700 to 1,000 cycles and have a shelf life of three to five years.

Lithium Rechargeable Batteries

There are many different types of lithium rechargeable batteries, with various chemical compounds that include lithium. Because of the other compounds that can make them up, the shelf life can vary significantly within this category. These batteries will generallyprovide you with between 600 and 1,000 life cycles. They usually have a shelf life of about two years.

Lead-Acid Batteries

There are multiple types of lead-acid batteries. They can vary widely in performance, shelf life, and cycle life. However, the average shelf life is about six months. These batteries can typically last for about 200 cycles.

Storage Tips to Maximize the Life of Batteries

There are a few things that you should do if you want to make your batteries last as long as possible.

Keep Batteries Out of Appliances

If you’re not currently using a battery-operated item, it’s a good idea not to keep the batteries inside them. Your batteries will likely last much longer if you take them out and store them in a separate location.

This is good for both your batteries and the items, as well. If the batteries corrode or leak while inside the items, the items could be damaged, in some cases, permanently.

Control Storage Temperatures

The temperature at which you store your batteries matters. You want to make sure to avoid both extreme heat and extreme cold. Many people think it’s a good idea to put batteries in the refrigerator or freezer, but condensation from the refrigerator can damage the battery and the frigid environment.

It would be best to put batteries in a dark, cool, and dry place. If you have to put them in a storage unit, you should make sure it is a climate-controlled facility.

Keep Them in Packages

When batteries come into contact with other metal objects, they are at higher risk of rupturing or leaking. To prevent this occurrence, it’s a good idea to store them in their original packaging. In this package, they will be protected from any outside agents.

If you’ve already thrown the package away or otherwise don’t have the option to keep it, try these storage alternatives:

  • You can keep your batteries in a battery storage box.
  • Tie your batteries with a rubber band and put them in a plastic bag. Be sure to place the batteries positive and negative ends opposite each other when tying them.

Don’t Mix Old Batteries with New Ones

If you only have one new battery, it might be tempting to put it into a device with an old one in the hopes that just one new one will be enough to power it. However, this is not a good idea. If you mix old and new batteries in the same device, you make battery leakage more likely. This can lead to damage to the entire device.

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It’s always best to keep old and new batteries separate. It might be hard to know which batteries are fully charged, but a battery tester can help you with this. Another reason why it is good to keep them separate is that this way, you likely won’t end up losing power in a device unexpectedly.

Know a Little Bit About the Battery

As you know, there are non-rechargeable and rechargeable batteries. The ones that are rechargeable should be stored at a 40% charge. This allows the battery to discharge gradually so you can recharge it when needed.

Most batteries that people use for regular devices are non-rechargeable. However, it’s good to know the basics of non-rechargeable and rechargeable batteriesin case you need to use a rechargeable battery at some point.

Never try to recharge a battery that is not labeled “rechargeable,” as this can be dangerous.

Know How to Take Care of Rechargeable Batteries

Most of the batteries people use are non-rechargeable; however, rechargeable batteries are pretty standard, particularly in the lithium-ion variety. Therefore, you should also be familiar with ways to maximize the lifespans of rechargeable batteries.

When you store rechargeable batteries, try to store them when they are as close as possible to 40% charged. It would be best if you didn’t allow them to become entirely depleted before storing them.

It’s also good to charge these batteries fully before you use them. This way, there will be less chance that you’ll have to unnecessarily put it back on the charger. Remember, each rechargeable battery has a cycle life, and you don’t want to take it on and off the charger more often than you must.

When the battery is fully charged, take it off the charger as soon as possible. If you leave it plugged in for a significant period, even after it has reached 10%, this can shorten your battery’s life.

Protect the Batteries

It’s also essential to preserve the batteries themselves. Some tips for storing your batteries include:

  • Wherever you are storing them, make sure that the batteries aren’t at risk of being crushed or punctured. Keep them in a sturdy container where you know they will be safe.
  • Ensure you don’t store batteries with other metal objects, such as loose change or paper clips. When batteries come into contact with other metal objects, even if they aren’t currently being used, they are at a higher risk of short-circuiting. This can then cause the batteries to leak, which damages the battery and releases battery acid that can be harmful to its surroundings and even to you.
  • If you’re using 9V batteries, make sure not to remove the plastic caps until you’re using them. These caps are there for protective purposes.

Protect Your Valuables

Batteries can leak. This isn’t what we generally mean when we talk about batteries going bad, but it can happen and ruin the battery. When batteries leak acid, they can end up causing damage to other items in the surroundings. For this reason, it’s a good reason to make sure that when you store batteries, you not only make sure to store them in an environment that will preserve them, but you also store them away from other valuables.


Many people don’t think that much about batteries. After all, they have expiration dates, so people use those as a guide. If you start using a battery on its expiration date, you will usually be able to take advantage of 80% of its original charge. It’s good that you know this, so you know not to throw a battery away just because it has reached its expiration date.

To prolong the life of your batteries, keep the storage tips we mentioned in mind. This way, you don’t have to go out and buy new ones before it’s necessary.

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You can also make sure that misuse of the batteries doesn’t end up destroying the devices they power or other valuable items. Just as with many things, understanding batteries and how to care for them can help you get better use.


How do you increase the shelf life of a battery? ›

Here are some of the things you could do to prolong your battery's life:
  1. Turn off gadgets and appliances when not in use. ...
  2. Keep batteries cool. ...
  3. Be mindful when to fully charge and discharge your batteries. ...
  4. Remove or avoid using unnecessary features. ...
  5. Use the correct battery charger.

What is the maximum shelf life battery? ›

Typically, modern alkaline batteries, and other primary batteries such as the 3.6–3.7 -volt lithium batteries, can be stored for up to 10 years with moderate capacity loss. As with all batteries, they should be kept away from extreme temperatures and should never be frozen.

What determines the shelf life of a battery? ›

Battery shelf life is the length of time a battery can remains in storage without losing its capacity. Even when not in use, batteries age. The battery's aging is generally affected by three factors: the active chemicals present in the cells, the storage temperature and the length of time it remains idle.

What makes batteries last the longest? ›

So, basically, the way they last longer is by having more of the battery which is active; you can do different chemical reactions which can store more energy, take up less space. You can also use different chemical reactions if to produce different voltages.

Does putting batteries in the freezer prolong their life? ›

In short: no. While cold environments help maintain battery life, refrigerators and freezers are not safe to put batteries in. The moist environment will cause condensation on the batteries. This in turn will lead to rust or other damage.

How can I make my 20 battery last all day? ›

How to Nurse Your Phone's Battery When It's About to Die
  1. Use your phone's low-power mode. ...
  2. Pull the rip cord early. ...
  3. Go dark (or at least dimmer) ...
  4. Use map apps sparingly. ...
  5. Stay away from streaming. ...
  6. Go offline if you don't have a signal. ...
  7. Stay on Wi-Fi when possible. ...
  8. Shutting down apps won't save you.
Aug 7, 2017

How do you store batteries for long term? ›

According to Energizer, batteries are best stored in "a cool, dry place at normal room temperature." That means avoiding any and all areas of the house that are even remotely damp, hot, and humid.

Does battery shelf life matter? ›

The best consumer experience and battery performance occurs with battery usage before the Best If Used By Date. The battery may function beyond that date but with lower performance.

How long can a battery sit on a shelf before it start to degrade? ›

A SLA (Sealed Lead Acid) battery can generally sit on a shelf at room temperature with no charging for up to a year when at full capacity, but is not recommended. Sealed Lead Acid batteries should be charged at least every 6 – 9 months.

What makes battery not to last? ›

Avoid overcharging or overusing the phone.

To be precise, the time taken to fully drain a charged battery is based on the time of usage, type of apps used, number of hours used on screen, the screen brightness, etc. To make your phone battery last longer, endeavour not to overuse the phone and avoid overcharging.

Do unused batteries lose their charge? ›

Many people assume that batteries remain fully charged until they are used, but in reality, batteries begin losing charge directly after they are manufactured. The rate of discharge varies between battery type and brand and can even be affected by the temperature at which the batteries are stored.

Should you store lithium batteries fully charged? ›

It's best to store your lithium-ion batteries at around a 40-50% state of charge if you plan to use them immediately. You should also be mindful that lithium-ion batteries can suffer damage if you overcharge them for too long.

Which is better Energizer or Duracell? ›

The battery life in these two brands differs. Energizer lasts three times longer in clocks than the Duracell, but Duracell takes the crown by lasting two times longer when used in flashlights. To ensure that our environment is not harmed, both brands support the Call2Recycle program.

Why does Duracell last longer? ›

The long-lasting performance of a Duracell battery is possible due to the modern technologies inside the battery. The primary technologies are: Duralock and High Density Core. Duralock keeps active materials inside the robust case and prevents leakage.

Which brand has the longest battery life? ›

Phones with the best battery life
  • Apple.
  • Samsung.
  • Huawei.
  • Xiaomi.
  • Google.
  • Alcatel.
  • Motorola.
  • OnePlus.
Mar 3, 2023

Is it safe to store batteries in a Ziploc bag? ›

Putting masking tape on batteries is one way to prevent them from touching. Ziplock bags are another way. "Putting them in plastic bags with all the negatives up, all the positives up, or however you want to do that," Dill said. "Make sure they're tight, so they don't roll around in that."

Why did people put batteries in the freezer? ›

With a nickel cadmium chemistry, they could lose up to 20%-30% of their capacity each month. This was a problem that forced consumers to get creative. Thus, people started storing batteries in the freezer or refrigeration in an attempt to slow down this process of losing capacity and preserve as much juice as possible.

Why do people put batteries in the refrigerator? ›

Most battery manufacturers do not recommend storing batteries in the fridge. While the cooler temperature might lengthen the battery life, the moisture from inside the refrigerator could damage the battery in other ways.

What can drain your battery fast? ›

Electrical devices or lights left running, a defective charging system or alternator, and extreme weather are some common reasons but maybe it's just time to get a new battery.”

What is killing my battery so fast? ›

If your phone's battery is draining faster than usual, it either means you're using a lot of energy or your phone is not using energy efficiently. This could mean you're overworking your phone by running too many applications, or something is physically wrong with the phone battery itself.

How do I keep my battery at 100% health? ›

There's only one thing that you can do to keep your iPhone's battery health at 100%. Stop using your iPhone. Yup, the only way you're going to keep your iPhone's battery at 100% is to stop using it and charging it.

What is the best thing to store batteries in? ›

If batteries come into contact with metal, they could short-circuit. The container in which you store your batteries should be made of plastic, glass, wood … anything but metal. You can also use a specialized battery storage box.

What is the best way to store lithium batteries long term? ›

Batteries should be stored in a well-ventilated, dry area kept between 40 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. They should be stored away from direct sunlight, heat sources, and water.

How do you keep AA batteries from corroding? ›

Prevent battery corrosion with these simple tips:
  1. Monitor expiration dates.
  2. Store batteries in a cool, dry environment below room temperature.
  3. Avoid keeping batteries in products that aren't used often.
  4. Don't mix new and old batteries in the same product.
Mar 23, 2021

Is it better to store a battery full or empty? ›

Recommended storage is around 40 percent state-of-charge (SoC). This minimizes age-related capacity loss while keeping the battery operational and allowing for some self-discharge. Nickel-based batteries can be stored in a fully discharged state with no apparent side effect.

Is it better to keep batteries fully charged? ›

Don't overdo it.

Battery University recommends that nickel- and lithium-based batteries be stored with a 40 percent state-of-charge. This level minimizes age-related capacity loss while keeping the battery in good operating condition and allowing self-discharge.

Should I stockpile batteries? ›

Disaster relief groups like the Red Cross promote advance preparedness for emergencies, including the recommendation homeowners and apartment dwellers keep an extra cache of batteries and portable power sources in their emergency kit.

Will battery go dead from sitting? ›

Typically, your car can sit about four weeks to two months without driving before the battery dies. The reason your car can sit only for so long before it dies is the fact that your car battery is in use even when you're not behind the wheel.

Do lithium ion batteries go bad if not used? ›

Do Lithium Batteries Expire If Not Used? Lithium batteries don't necessarily expire, but they do experience a small amount of energy depletion when left sitting.

What is the number one cause of battery failure? ›

Low charge and acid stratification are the most common causes of the apparent failure.

What is the most common battery problem? ›

Frequent Jump Starts

This is likely due to the age of your battery and is one of the most common battery problems. If your battery is getting old, it will not hold a charge and may lead to a dead battery. This means you likely cannot turn on your car without a jumpstart.

Can a lithium battery last 20 years? ›

The typical estimated life of a Lithium-Ion battery is about two to three years or 300 to 500 charge cycles, whichever occurs first. One charge cycle is a period of use from fully charged, to fully discharged, and fully recharged again.

How long can a lithium battery sit unused? ›

Lithium-ion batteries are designed to retain their capacity even after being stored for months or years. In fact, most manufacturers say a lithium-ion battery can last between 3-6 years on a shelf without any degradation in performance.

What is the safest way to store lithium batteries? ›

Store the batteries at temperatures between 5°C and 20°C (41°F and 68°F). Separate fresh and depleted cells (or keep a log). If practical, store batteries in a metal storage cabinets. Avoid bulk-storage in non-laboratory areas such as offices.

How long can a lithium battery sit on the shelf? ›

Non-rechargeable lithium batteries are the longest lasting primary battery. They can have a shelf life of 10-12-years when stored at room temperature. The shelf life can be determined by the battery's manufacturing process and chemical composition.

What is the number 1 AA battery brand? ›

1. Energizer Ultimate Lithium: The longest-lasting AA battery. If you're looking for a battery that can go the distance no matter the drain, look no further than the Energizer Ultimate Lithium.

What is the number one trusted brand battery? ›

If you're looking for a selection of high-quality batteries that offer both versatility and variety, then the Energizer MAX AA Batteries & AAA Batteries Combo Pack is the perfect pick.

Are Kirkland batteries the same as Duracell? ›

One of the many products that Costco sells under the Kirkland Signature brand is its alkaline batteries, which are of great quality and much cheaper than most of its competitors. Kirkland Signature batteries are manufactured by Duracell, according to statements of Costco's CEO, Craig Jelinek.

Which is better Rayovac or Energizer? ›

Rayovac batteries are consistently cheaper than Duracell and Energizer, while maintaining the high quality standards of name brand batteries. Shelf Life: Energizer batteries have a shelf life of up to 20 years for AA and AAA batteries and up to 10 years for the Energizer 9V battery.

What are the longest lasting AA batteries in the world? ›

Energizer Ultimate Lithium AA Batteries, World's Longest-Lasting AA Battery, 10 Pack.

Are Amazon brand batteries any good? ›

The batteries are great quality and have a 10-year shelf life, so you don't have to worry about replacing them anytime soon. They are easy to open, so no more struggling with the packaging. The performance is really impressive. They last a really long time and have great power.

What battery has a 10 year shelf life? ›

Lithium batteries

Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, such as the 18650 battery, boast remarkable service life when stored at 3.7V—up to 10 years with nominal loss in capacity.

Do more expensive batteries last longer? ›

Somewhat unsurprisingly, the more expensive brands, Duracell and Energizer, were shown to have greater power, more energy and last longer than the cheaper dollar store batteries. However, the real gold lies in the notion that the expensive batteries are not worth the extra cost.

Is there a battery that lasts 10 years? ›

Ultralife 9V Lithium Battery - Lasts up to 10 Years!

Can a battery last 20 years? ›

“Today, most EV batteries have a life expectancy of 15 to 20 years within the car – and a second life beyond.” It's also worth noting that EV battery technology is still evolving, so as tech develops we expect batteries' lifespan to increase – as well as becoming cheaper, smaller and even lighter.

What battery lasts 25 years? ›

The new lithium cells can last 25 years, charge an electric vehicle in minutes, and can't start on fire.

What battery lasts 30 years? ›


Vanadium flow batteries are a proven technology, first developed in the 1980's in Australia. The United States Government's Pacific Northwest National Lab (PNNL) developed the mixed acid electrolyte used in Forever Energy's vanadium flow battery.

What is the new super battery technology? ›

SuperBattery is an innovative technology combining the characteristics of supercapacitors and batteries. 60 seconds of charging will allow for up to 30 minutes of driving, eliminating long charging breaks.

What company sells the forever battery? ›

QuantumScape: The Company Solving the “Forever Battery” Challenges. While the theory behind solid-state batteries is super exciting, the application of such next-generation batteries has been essentially non-existent to-date.

Can batteries last for 100 years? ›

The batteries with their unique chemical composition are also more durable compared to lithium-ion batteries, based on the temperature it's charged at. The paper highlights an instance where if the battery is charged at a temperature of 25 degrees celsius at all times, the battery life could exceed 100 years.

What battery could last 1,000 years? ›

Well, a group of researchers and scientists at the University of Bristol have developed Nuclear Diamond Batteries that can power devices for over 1000 years, all the while charging themselves.

What battery can last 100 years? ›

The “100 years battery” is actually a ternary lithium battery. According to Tesla's partner, the new battery is based on the regular NMC532 battery – a ternary lithium battery. NMC means that it is a ternary structure of nickel, manganese, and cobalt, and 532 means that the ratio of the three is 5:3:2.

Is there a battery that can last 400 years? ›

The UK Space Agency and the National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL) will work together to develop the world's first Americium-241-powered space battery.

Do 5 year batteries really last 5 years? ›

Unfortunately, few car batteries ever see five years of service, much less six or seven; those that do last that long operate at a significantly reduced capacity. But if you pay for a 60-month battery and it fails in regular use before that, you'll get some money toward a new battery on a pro-rated basis.

Do 10 year batteries last 10 years? ›

Ten-year sealed battery smoke alarms are powered by sealed lithium batteries that have a life span of ten years.

What was the 2000 year old battery? ›

The Baghdad Battery is believed to be about 2000 years old (from the Parthian period, roughly 250 BCE to CE 250). The jar was found in Khujut Rabu just outside Baghdad and is composed of a clay jar with a stopper made of asphalt. Sticking through the asphalt is an iron rod surrounded by a copper cylinder.


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